History of Alvin, Texas

Alvin is a city in the U.S. state of Texas within the Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metropolitan area and Brazoria County. As of the 2020 U.S. Census, the city population was 27,098. Alvin’s claim to fame is Baseball Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan, who moved with his family to the city in 1947 as an infant and lived there until he moved to Round Rock in 2003. The Nolan Ryan Museum is in the Nolan Ryan Foundation and Exhibit Center on the campus of Alvin Community College.

History of Alvin
Sealy Street in 1907, provided by Alvin Museum History


The Alvin area was settled in the mid-19th century when bull ranches were established in the area. The Santa Fe Railroad eventually expanded into the area, and a settlement was established along the railroad. Alvin was originally named “Morgan” by the town’s residents in honor of the settlement’s original resident, Santa Fe employee Alvin Morgan; upon discovery that the name Morgan had been taken, the town named itself after Morgan’s first name. The town was officially incorporated in 1893, making it the oldest incorporated settlement in Brazoria County. Alvin Morgan received a land grant from the state of Texas prior to 1891.
Alvin was a sundown town, where practically no African Americans were allowed to live.
In 1960, the city annexed a 100-foot-wide 137-mile-long to protect Alvin from being annexed by other cities. The city’s unusual borders were the subject of a lawsuit against Missouri City when it attempted an annexation into Brazoria County and across Alvin’s city limits in 2002.
On July 25, 1979, Tropical Storm Claudette stalled over Alvin and inundated the region with 45 inches of rain in 42 hours. The total included 43 inches in 24 hours, at the time the highest amount of rainfall in 24 hours in American history.

Brown Johnson House, Photo by Wellborn, M. K., Texas Historical Commission

Community information

Thelma Ley Anderson Family YMCA is located in Alvin.

The Alvin Rotary Club sponsors a yearly Frontier Day celebration, which includes a parade and 5k Fun Run.

Popular culture connections

Alvin was featured in the CMT series Trick my What?, featuring the Froberg family, who have been members of the Alvin community for more than 70 years.

Notable people

Information courtesy of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.